SANNYÁSIIS & SÁDHU
DO’S AND DON’TS OF LIFE[purely Original Discourse]
SHRII SHRII ÁNANDAMÚRTI
27 September 1978, Patna, INDIA
Regarding Do’s and Don’ts of life it has been said that -
“Tyája Durjana saḿsargaḿ bhaja sádhu samágamaḿ,
Kuru puńyaḿ ahorátram smara Nityamanityatám”.
“Tyája Durjana saḿsargaḿ” – “Do all of you understand Hindi”.
“Tyája Durjana saḿsargaḿ -You should renounce the company of “Durjana”.
What is “Durjana”?
The Man who depraves, who misguides others is called “Durjana”.
Now, a particular Man may or may not be “Durjana” for all.
Suppose Mr. X is Durjana for Mr. Y; but he may not be Durjana for Mr. Z.
You see, there are Merits and Demerits in almost each and every Individual.
Suppose Mr. X is Durjana for Mr. Y.
Say, he has got Merits 20 points and Demerits 25 points, then the resultant 5 point, resultant 5 points goes in favour of Demerit, so he is Durjana and he is Durjana for Mr. Y.
Suppose in Mr. Y, “Y”is a Good man, he has got 15 points Merit and 13 points Demerit.
So resultant is 2 points in favour of Merit.
So, he is a good man.
But, in his favour the resultant Merit is only 2 and in case of Mr. X the resultant Demerit is point 5.
So, if Mr. Y comes in contact with Mr. X, then Mr. X has got 5 points Demerit and Mr.Y 2 points Merit, the resultant goes in favour of Demerit.
Mr. Y will become bad.
But, in case of Mr. Z, suppose Merit is 30, 30 points and Demerit 15 points, then resultant is 15 points in favour of Merit.
He has got the resultant of 15 point Merit and Mr. X had only 5 points Demerit, so if Mr. X comes in contact with Mr. Z, Mr. X will become good.
So for Mr. Z, Mr. X is not Durjana; rather he is in a position to uplift the condition of Mr. X.
So this term “Durjana” is a, what?
Is not something Permanent; that is, it varies from man to man.
Its a relative term.
“Tyája Durjana saḿsargaḿ” – you should avoid the company of a Man who is Durjana for you, that is, whose resultant Demerit is more than your resultant Merit.
“Tyája Durjana saḿsargaḿ” and what you should do?
This one was “Don’t”, that is “Avoid the company of Durjana”, who is Durjana for you.
“Bhaja Sádhu Samágamam” – and you should encourage the company of Sádhu.
And first, let us know what Sádhu is?
Sádhu means -
“Pránah yathátmanoviist́ah bhútánám api te tathá,
Átmaopamyena bhútánaḿ dayáḿ kurvanti Sádhavah”.
Only using a saffron costume doesn’t make a man Sádhu.
SÁDHU is the inner Sádhu. You should be Sádhu Internally.
You may or may not use any External Saffron costume.
In India, Sádhu’s who were known as Sádhu, they use all-white costume and those who are known as Sannyásii, they use all-saffron costume.
Saffron costume for Sannyásiis and white costume for Sádhus.
The system is the Sádhus will use the suffix “dása” after their name – Govardhana Dása, Yamuná Dása, Rama Dása, Hari Dása like this.
Sádhus are to use suffix dása. Rama Dása, Hari Dása like this.
And SANNYÁSIIS are to use the suffix “Ánanda” after their name – Vivekánanda, Paramánanda – Ánanda after their name.
This is the technical difference between Sádhus and Sannyásiis.
In Ánanda Marga, they are known has, they are Sannyásiis, Avadhuta’s are Sannyásiis, not Sádhu.
“Bhaja Sádhu Samágamam”.
And you should encourage the company of Sádhu people.
And what is Sádhu? Just now I have told -
Pránah yathátmanoviist́ah bhútánám api te tathá,
Átmaopamyena bhútánaḿ dayáḿ kurvanti Sádhavah.
For each and every living entity, his Personal life is dearest for him.
He loves his Personal life very much.
This is the rule, this is the characteristic of all living beings.
But those people who understand this sentiment of living beings and after feeling this sentiment, loves others,
“That I should not kill him, I should not give him any trouble because for him, his life is very much loved by him as I love my life”, they are Sádhu, and those who lack in this sentiment, they are not Sádhu, they are Asádhu.
Preaching the Gospels of Peace, and cutting the chickens, it is not the, it is not a proper thing for a Sádhu, but because that man, the killer, he loves his life, own life and the chicken also loves his own life.
So that Man lacks in the Universal sentiment of Love.
So, he is not a Sádhu. A Sádhu must be Vegetarian.
A Sádhu must be Vegetarian.
“Bhaja Sádhu samágamam” – And you should encourage the company of Sádhus.
And Sádhu – the detail Explanation is that, the Man who uplifts others in all the strata of life.
That is, he helps others in their Physical, Psychic and Spiritual developments he is Sádhu.
And whoever has got more points, more resultant points in favour of Merits, more than yours, more than that of yours, is Sádhu for you.
Just like the explanation of Durjana.
Suppose the resultant Merit in your favour, suppose it is 40 points, and if another Man resultants Merit in his favor of merit say is 60 points.
Then that man having 60 points of Merit is Sádhu for you. It is also a relative term.
“Bhaja Sádhu samágamam” – Utilize each and every moment of your life in enjoying the company of Sádhu.
“Kuru puńyaḿ Ahorátraḿ smara Nityamanityatám” – And you should be engaged in doing “Puńya” day and night.
“Ahorátram”, Ahorátram means from sunset to, from sunrise to sunrise, 24 hours.
As per Occidental calculation “from midnight to midnight” is a “Day” and as per Oriental system, that is, system of Asia, “from sunrise to sunrise”.
One day in India means “Sunrise to Sunrise”.
One day in Europe means “from midnight to midnight”.
Just after 12:00, the date changes, and in India, just after sunrise, the date changes. That is the system.
Ahorátram, – “Ahoh” means “from Sunrise to Sunset” and “rátra” means “Sunset to Sunrise”, that is, night portion.
You should be engaged in doing Puńya karma, day and night, ahorátram, from Sunrise to Sunrise.
Now “Kuru Puńyaḿ”.
What is Puńyaḿ?
“Aśt́ádashapuráńeśu Vyásasya vacanadvayam,
Paropakárah puńyáya pápáya parapiirańam”.
Vyásadeva, who wrote so many Puráńas.
He said that Puńya means whenever you are engaged in doing some welfare work, you are doing Puńya.
And when you are going against public interest you are committing Pápa.
Now be engaged in Puńya karma for twenty four hours; Ahorátram – “day and night”, “sunrise to sunrise”.
How can one do while sleeping, how can one be engaged in Puńya karma?
If during wakeful hours, he is engaged in Puńya karma, then during sleep it will be what, a composure of Peace, a composure of Welfare.
So while sleeping he is also engaged in Puńya karma.
Be engaged in Puńya karma for the entire day and night – from sunrise to sunset, from “sunrise to sunrise”.
Now in Saḿskrta, the entire literature is divided into four groups.
One is called kávya, another Itikathá, third Itihása and fourth Puráńa.
So, Kávya is “Vákyaḿ rasátmakaḿ kávyam.”
When a story has been narrated in a lucid way it is called kávyam.
Then Itikathá – Itikathá is the Proper Record of what did happen; that is, a big factual statement is Itikathá.
And Itihása is that portion of the factual statements that has got Educative value that helps you in your upliftment.
That portion of Itikathá is called Itihása.
English term for Itikathá is “History”, French “Histoire”, but there is no English term for “Itihása”.
And last one is Puráńa. Puráńa is not a fact, not at all a factual statement, but a story. But that story has got Educative value. That story helps you in your Physical, Mental and Spiritual upliftment is called Puráńa.
Rámáyana is a Purána, Mahábhárata is Itihása and the history taught in the schools and colleges are Itikathá, not Itihása.
Itihása is not taught in schools and colleges nowadays.
And Puráńa, Puráńa I have, just now I told you that is not a fact but it has got Educative value.
And Vyásadeva, he wrote eighteen Puráńas.
But what was the Central Idea?
Why did he write so many Puráńas?
His intention was to preach before the world that Puńya means to help the people in their All-round development and Pápa means to degrade the people, to misguide the people in all the Spheres of life.
So here the word Puńya has been used.
That is, you should be engaged in Puńya karma, in helping others, for all the twenty four hours.
“Smara Nityamanityatám” – And you should always remember that you are in a world of Passing shows, moving Panorama.
No picture, no position, no stance shall remain as they are just at present.
That is, Everything will change,
Everything is to undergo changes and you should be ready to adapt yourself, to adjust yourself to those changed phases.