BRAHMA CAKRA – {purely Original Discourse}


9 December 1964, Salem, INDIA

Now, the subject of our discourse will be “Brahma Cakra”.

Everywhere in this observable universe we find that there is a system.

The mighty Himalayas follow a particular system.

The wee bit of material expression also follows a particular system.

Everywhere there is a system, there is a order. Nothing can be done disorderly.

The smallest article that a human intellect can see, if not seen by human eyes, is the smallest article is the atom. It can be seen by human intellect not by human eyes is an atom.

And in atom also there is a particular system, the atomic system, and the center, that is, the nucleus and electrons are moving around that nucleus. It is the atomic system. These systems are called “Cakra” in Saḿskrta.

So for this atomic system the Saḿskrta name should be Páramáńavik Cakra. Páramáńavik Cakra.

The same system is followed by the earth also. Here in this ethereal system we see in the middle the nucleus is the earth, and the moon is moving round that nucleus. The same system. This may be called Párthiva Cakra. That one Páramáńavik Cakra, this one Párthiva Cakra.

Now the next bigger Cakra the next bigger system is the solar system, and that case, the sun is the nucleus, and so many planets are moving round that sun. The same system.

And the bigger Cakra, the biggest Cakra, the biggest system, is the Brahma Cakra, the Cosmological system.

In that Cosmological system, the nucleus is the Puruśottama. The hub of that Cosmic wheel is the Puruśottama, and so many Jiivas are moving around that Puruśottama. The same system.

So this Cosmological system, or this Cosmological order, is called “Brahma Cakra” in Saḿskrta .

Now in this Cakra or in these Cakras, two forces are working: one is the eccentric force and the other is the concentric force.

For this eccentric force, or the centrifugal force, the Saḿskrta term is Avidyámáya or Avidyá Shakti; and this concentric force, or the centripetal force, is called Vidyámáya or Vidyá Shakti in Saḿskrta.

Both are Máya.

Both concentric and eccentric, Vidyá and Avidyá, are two fold expressions of the same Máya, of the same Creative Principle. And that Nucleus is the lord of that Creative Principle, is the Svámii of that Creative Principle.

Now this Avidyá Shakti, or Avidyámáya, centrifugal force, has got two-fold expression, two different expressions.

One is called Vikśepa Shakti and the other is called Ávarańii Shakti.

Avidyámáya has got two expressions. One expression is called Vikśepa Shakti another expression is called Ávarańii Shakti.

And Jiivas are moving around this Nucleus Puruśottama with the help of these two forces, “two forces” means Vidyámáya and Avidyámáya, and when the balance is there, balance between Vidyámáya and Avidyámáya, the radius of his circle, of the circle of particular Jiiva, will neither increase nor decrease.

Now, these Avidyá Shakti, first portion of Avidyá Shakti is Vikśepa Shakti. In Saḿskrta, Vikśepa means repulsive force, the force repelling the Jiiva from its Nucleus.

That is, a Jiiva is darted away, is drifted away, from its Nucleus by baser propensities, by depraving ideas, by depraving propensities. So these depraving ideas or depraving propensities are what is called Vikśepa Shakti. Clear? Vikśepa Shakti.

The Jiiva is darted away from Puruśottama by mundane propensities.

And the second expression of Avidyá Shakti is Ávarańii Shakti. In Saḿskrta Ávarańa means “to cover”.

This Shakti is just like a black curtain inbetween Paramátmá and Jiiva. And because of that Ávarańii Shakti, that dark curtain of Ávarańii Shakti, that sombre curtain of Ávarańii Shakti, Jiivas cannot see their Lord.

Jiivas think that “Whatever we are doing, nobody sees, nobody can see” — “I am doing everything secretly, nobody will see me.” The condition of a Jiiva committing Pápa secretly is just like that of a rabbit who is followed by a hunter. It is said that when a rabbit, a hare, is followed by a hunter, it shuts its eyes with the help of its ears. And it thinks that “As I am not seeing the hunter, the hunter is also not seeing me.” And such is the condition of a Jiiva under the influence of this Ávarańii Shakti.

By Vikśepa Shakti it moves away from its Lord, and due to Ávarańii Shakti it cannot see its Lord.

But that misguided and misdirected Jiiva doesn’t know that it is under the influence of Ávarańii Shakti. But the vision of his Lord remains unassailed by the cimmerian wonts of that Ávarańii Shakti.

His vision can penetrate, pierce through that black curtain. The Jiiva committing misdeeds, committing sins, secretly, thinks that his action will remain covered forever.

These are the two expressions of Avidyá Shakti: Vikśepa Shakti and Ávarańii Shakti.

Now the Vidyá Shakti, the concentric force, the centripetal force, the force moving towards the hub of the wheel: A man following the path of Vidyá Shakti naturally will be decreasing the length of his radius, the radius of this Brahma Cakra. The radius will go on decreasing in length. But this Vidyá Shakti has also got two influences on the minds of individuals, or microcosms.

These two expressions, the first one is called Samvit Shakti. Samvit means Spiritual consciousness, Spiritual awakening.

A man engaged in bad thinking, all of a sudden feels that “No, I shouldn’t do all these things. No, I should be a good man henceforward.” Such an idea all of a sudden comes in his mind. And this thing, this change of mental tendency, is done by Samvit Shakti of Vidyámáya. Do you follow?

This is what is called Samvit Shakti. “No, henceforward I must be good man. No, henceforward I must be a Spiritualist. I must not encourage any depraving idea.”This is Samvit Shakti.

And the second expression of Vidyámáya is Hládinii Shakti. After a man decides that “Henceforward I will be a good man, henceforward I will be a Sádhaka,” he gets the Krpá of that Almighty Lord.

Regarding Krpá I will say something afterwards.

And after getting His Krpá through, through some medium he gets Initiation.

And after being initiated he is to move along that Spiritual path. That movement along the Spiritual path is done by Hládinii Shakti.

This Hládinii Shakti is also known as “Rádhiká Shakti” in Saḿskrta .

Rádhá” means Spiritual aspirant, “one who is engaged in “Árádhaná”.

One who is engaged in Árádhaná is called “Rádhá” in Vaeśńava Philosophy. And that Puruśottama is called Krśńa. Rádhá moving towards Krśńa. So that Hládinii Shakti is called Rádhiká Shakti. Clear?

Now in a particular shloka [couplet] it has been said:

Sarvájiive sarvasaḿsthe brhante tasmin haḿso bhrámyate Brahmacakre;

Prthagátmánaḿ preritáraiṋca matvá juśt́astataste-námrtatvameti

Ájiiva. Ájiiva means “occupation”. Here Ájiiva means “Mental occupation”, “mental objectivities”, “Mental pabulum”.

Now in this Brahma Cakra, around this Nucleus Puruśottama or Krśńa, all the Jiivas are moving; are hovering around that Puruśottama along with their peculiar physical frames and with their peculiar mental objectivities, along with their peculiar mental longings — they are hovering around that Puruśottama.

Each and every creature is moving like this. Their radii are neither increasing nor diminishing.

If a man encourages Vidyámáya the radius will be diminished; if a man encourages Avidyámáya it will be enlarged, it will be increased.

Sarvájiive sarvasaḿsthe — “With different structures and with different mental longings”, so many creatures are hovering around that Puruśottama.

Tasmin haḿso bhrámyate Brahmacakre — “Haḿso” means “Haḿsa” means “Jiiva”.

And Prthagátmánaḿ preritáraiṋca matvá.

Why do they hover round that Puruśottama?

Because in their minds there is a sense of separateness, sense of separation, from their Cosmic Lord. They think that they are separate entities from that of the Puruśottama. They do not feel their unicity with the Puruśottama, that’s why they hover round that Nucleus.

And when they’ll feel that they are not separate entities from that Hub of the wheel, they will merge together. All of a sudden that radius will cease to exist, and with the help of Vidyámáya the merger will take place. And that merger is the unison of Rádhá and Krśńa. Do you follow?

So, Prthagátmánaḿ preritáraiṋca matvá — Because they feel that they are separate entities from that Hub, and that’s why they are hovering around.”

Juśt́astatastenámrtatvameti — Just now I said that by His Krpá , that Samvit Shakti is created, this awakening.

Now, what is Krpá ?

Here the Rśi says that “they being benefited by Him, he becomes one with his Nucleus” — the merger takes place, and he attains Immortality.

Mortality and Immortality – This movement around that Nucleus takes place within the three fundamental factors of relativity.

And those three fundamental factors are spatial factor, temporal factor and personal factor. There are three fundamental factors in the sway of relativity, in the realm of relativity.

And these three fundamental factors are time, space and person.

Temporal bondage, spatial bondage and personal bondage. They move with the help through the realm of these three factors. And this movement naturally bring, brings certain changes in their body and mind; and this change, this transmutation, this metamorphosis, is called Death, is called Márańa.

What is Márańa, what is Death?

Death means Change. Death is nothing but Change.

From childhood, the boyhood came — childhood died; from boyhood, adolescence came — boyhood died. So death means change. Death is nothing but change.

But when a old man dies and a babe is born, it is also a change. But where the link between the preceding stage and the succeeding stage is missing, we say it is physical death. Because in case, in that case, that is, when an old man dies and a new babe takes place, sits in mother’s womb, we cannot find out the link. And that’s why we say, “That old man died.” It is also an ordinary change. Do you follow? Hmm.

But where there is no movement, we say those items moving round that Nucleus are passing through the realm of time, space and person; but the Nucleus it doesn’t pass through time, space and person. It is above the realm of time, space and person. It controls time, space and person. That’s why it undergoes no metamorphosis, it undergoes no transmutation. That’s why it is above the, beyond the pale of life and death. It is beyond the periphery of life and death. It is beyond the compass of woes and agonies.

And that’s why when one is ensconced in that Supreme Centre, one gets oneself free for life and death. One is established in Amrtatva, one is established in Immortality.

Now, in the shloka it has been said, that “Being benefited by You”. That is, “After getting His Krpá .”

What is Krpá ?

God cannot have any partiality in Him. He has got equal love for each and every creature of this universe, for all animate and inanimate objects.

His Krpá , His compassion is being equally showered upon each and every individual, upon each and every object. He bestows His compassion equally on each and every object. Equally on pápiis[sinners] and puńyavánas [the virtuous].

But common people do not feel it, they do not feel that they are getting His Krpá . They do not feel it?

Why do they not feel it? You Know.

That Krpá Bharii, that water of compassion, is being showered upon each and every creature equally, but ordinary people do not feel that they are being drenched by those sacred waters. Why?

Because they are holding the umbrella of vanity upon their heads, that’s why they are not being drenched.

And what is Sádhaná?

You will have to remove that umbrella from above your head and get yourself drenched by that sacred water. You will have to remove that umbrella of vanity, you will have to remove that umbrella of hatred, you will have to remove that umbrella of shyness and get yourself drenched by that water; and then you will feel that you are being Graced by Him. This is what is called Krpá . Krpá is there, but you will have to feel it by your Sádhaná.

And when you will remove that umbrella, you will get proper direction, and then you will be guided by Hládinii Shakti, by Rádhiká Shakti.

You’ll hear, you will come in contact with His núpura dhvani [sound of ankle bells], you will come in contact with the enchanting, what should I say? With the enchanting flute of Krśńa.

What is that Flute?

That Aṷḿkára.

That Aṷḿkára. In the first stage, the Sádhaka comes in contact with a hissing sound, just like the sound produced by that insect known as cricket in English. Yes.

And in the second stage it is called núpura dhvani — a jhum jhum jhum jhum jhum jhum jhum jhum sound — like this. It is called Krśńasya núpura dhvani.

In the third stage it is just like the sound of a flute, and it is called Krśńasya bánsharii dhvani, muralii dhvani.

You will hear these sounds both internally and externally. In the course of your Sádhaná you will come in contact with these sounds.

So Rádhá, that is, Sádhaka, became mad when she came in contact with that soothing sound of Krśńa’s flute. She became mad. And that madness, that spiritual madness, is begotten of what? Hládinii Shakti.

And by that Shakti, Rádhá and Krśńa became united.

Rádhá came in Unison with that Cosmic Puruśottama — with that Puruśottama who is the hub of this Brahma Cakra.