25 November 1978, Bombay, INDIA

Yesterday something was said regarding the Hara-Párvatii saḿváda [dialogues of Shiva and Párvatii], and I think it was quite clear, I think it was crystal-clear, for all of you.
You know what’s the meaning of “Hara” [a name of Shiva]?
Spiritual knowledge, aesthetic knowledge and the psychic knowledge and so many knowledge – knowledge of saḿgiita [music], art, architecture, and also medicine – everything comes from that Hara.
And what is the meaning of “Hara”?
Ha is the acoustic root of the ethereal entity and ra is the acoustic root of energy.
The vibrational flow of energy in the entire ethereal level is “Hara”, that is, in the expressed universe the most vibrating, the most dancing entity is Hara. Hence Hara is also known as Nat́aráj – Nat́esha [Lord of Dance].
Now, I have told this story(incident) to many Margis before hand, and I am again repeating it today.
Once upon a time, Párvatii, the spouse of Hara, asked Him, “O Lord, what are the secrets of success?” In your life, in different strata of life, you want success, and everybody wants success; but they do not know what are the secrets of success. So Párvatii asks Shiva, “O Lord, what are the secrets of success?”
Shiva’s reply was,
Phaliśyatiiti vishvásah siddherprathama lakśańam;
Dvitiiyaḿ shraddhayá yuktaḿ trtiiyaḿ gurupújanam.
Caturthosamatábhávo paiṋcamendriyanigrahah;
Śaśt́haiṋca pramitáháro saptamaḿ naeva vidyate.

Phaliśyatiiti vishvásah siddher prathama lakśańam – “I must be successful in my mission.” This firm determination is the first secret of success, that is, the aspirant must develop a firm determination. “I must be successful.”
Dvitiiyaḿ shraddha yá yuktaḿ – “the second requisite factor is that the aspirant must have shraddhá.” What is shraddhá?
In fact, in english, there is no corresponding term. That is a peculiar term in Samskrta language. Shrat means the item, that entity, the entity, the Desideratum that has been accepted by the aspirant as the supreme truth.
The Desideratum that has got no alternative. It is called shrat.
Here shrat means the supreme truth, the absolute truth, the Desideratum that has no alternative.
Shrat yukta dha – Shrat + dha = shraddhá. Shrat Satyaḿ tasmin dhiiyate iti shraddhá – “Whenever one accepts this Desideratum as the only truth and only goal of life, as the only resort, a man who is goaded by an ideological flow, that is shraddhá.”
You cannot get any proper word in English. Dvitiiyaḿ shraddhayá yuktaḿ. And the spiritual aspirant, an aspirant in any sphere of life, must develop shraddhá.
The first requisite factor is “ I must be successful” this firm determination and the second is you must have shraddhá. Without shraddhá nothing can be done. Shraddháván labhate jiṋánam [“One with shraddhá attains self-knowledge”].
Without shraddhá one cannot acquire anything neither in the sphere of karma nor in the sphere of jiṋána.
And Bhakti itself is the another name for shraddhá.
So dvitiiyaḿ shraddhayá yuktaḿ – “the second requisite factor is shraddhá.”
Trtiiyaḿ gurupújanam – “the third thing is gurupújanam.”
What is pújanam?
Withdrawing of all your psychic propensities from different external and internal pabula of mind and then guide those withdrawn propensities, withdrawn collective propensities, unto the object of adoration, that is called pújanam in Samskrta.
And what is Guru?
Gu means “darkness” and ru means “dispeller -removing”.
Now, all human beings, till they are not in the path of spirituality, are surrounded by cimmerian darkness. They cannot see anything properly.

And this stage of life is called shúdra; they are shúdras.
Janmaná jáyate shúdrah saḿskárát dvija ucyate;
Vedapát́hát bhavet viprah Brahma jánáti bráhmańah.
By birth, everybody is a shúdra, because they cannot see anything properly. Shúdra means “living in darkness”.
Saḿskárát dvija ucyate – And when this sense is created in their mind, that they are not ordinary living beings, but they are glorified human beings, they have got a mission, a thing to do then that propulsion is called saḿskára. He becomes a dvija because the life takes a new turn. Dvija means “second birth”, then when one acquires spiritual knowledge, knowledge in spirituality, he becomes an intellectual and is known as vipra. And then vipra, by dint of his Tantric sádhaná, he attains Brahma-hood, he is called a bráhmańa.
Brahma jánáti Bráhmańah – now when the darkness of the mind is dispelled, he can see and he can know what is what and which is which, but that dispelling entity cannot be a mundane one.
Because the secrets of Parama Puruśa are known to HIM(Guru) and to nobody else, then who is Guru?
In Ananda Sútram, it is said, “Brahmaeva gururekah náparah”.
His secrets are known to Him only and so He is Guru, He is the Jagat Guru, He is the supreme Guru. No second entity can be Guru, can play role of Guru.
Now, He wants that His entire creation – all His children should know Him. And as they will be knowing him, they will be one with HIM, they will attain salvation.
This is His play, this is His liilá.
He creates the crude world, He creates so many animated entities, and finally He wants that these animate entities will try to know Him, try to learn Him. What is known as Sadhana, they should do Sadhana and finally again they should be one. This is His Brahma Cakra [Cosmic Cycle], this is His Liilá Cakra. He is playing with His own children, play of pain and pleasures. His is the liilá of pain and
pleasure. So spiritual aspirants must not be afraid of pain, and must not lose their balance when in pleasure.
So He is the Guru, now what does happen?
He creates code. He creates spirituality, He creates the code of anushásanam [discipline], and everybody will have to move along that code.
But when due to constant reflection and refraction, those movements you know each and every movement, even the movement of spirituality in the realm of psychic and physical world, they undergo certain changes due to constant reflection and refraction so time comes, when it loses its speed acceleration, gets the form of retardation, and under such circumstances that Jagat Guru is forced to come down and be in a quinquelemental structure and forced to take the shape of prapaiṋcadeha and in our philosophy, we call Him Mahásambhúti, the Mahásambhúti of Táraka Brahma.
So, He comes, and again and again He plays the role of Guru in the realm of physicality, again with that this thing is happening from time immemorial.
We got Lord Shiva, we got Lord Krśńa. So the Supreme Entity, the Táraka Brahma, is the only Guru. And there cannot be a second Guru.
The Gurupújanam – that is, the pújanam of Guru.
What is the meaning of pújanam?
Just now I have explained, that is, one should move towards one’s spiritual desideratum, without any hesitation, without any fear, or without being goaded by any other of propensities of ourselves.

That’s the human way, that’s the way of shreya, hence Lord Shiva says, “The third requisite factor is Trtiiyaḿ gurupújanam.”
Caturtho samatábhávo – But you know, due to certain defects in our socio-economico-politico-cultural life, certain people suffer from inferiority complex and certain people suffer from superiority complex. If poor man suffers from inferiority complex before a rich man, he uses the term “Huzur”, a thousand times in a sentence.

And before a poor man, rich man suffers from superiority complex.
He won’t use the word áp, he will use the word tum, as if the poor man has no sense of prestige.
Is it not a fact?
A spiritual aspirant, must not suffer from any of these complexes. He should not have any inferiority complex or any superiority complex.

And not only that, he should not suffer from any fear complex or complex of hopelessness or complex of helplessness.
He must not suffer from inferiority complex, becaue he and his friends and brothers are all the progeny of the same Progenitor. They come from the same origin; they are of the same Father.
Why should he suffer from any inferiority complex?
Again, he should not suffer from superiority complex, because all are his brothers, all are glorified children of that Supreme Father. so, he must not develop any superiority.
– The two entities are within you; two belligerent entities are within you. One is Ravana. Ravana means evil force, the evil giant, within your mind, that functions in all the ten directions and it is not something external but it is the evil force working within your mind. And the second entity is Rama, symbolizing the good force. Let there be a fight between these two entities.
You should establish your restraint over all the sensory and motor organs, including the eleventh organ, the mind.
Śaśt́haiṋca pramitáháro – What is pramitáhára? Pra – má + ghain[kta + [áhára] = pramitáhára. That is, the food that helps you in your spiritual and mental development and also which is good for your
physical body is called pramitáhára. It must be sáttvika food, because sáttvika food will help you in spiritual development.

Sattvika food will help you in mental development. And it must be balanced food, because balanced food will help you in your physical progress and physical development, and in maintaining a good physical body. Śaśt́haiṋca pramitáháro.
After saying these six factors, Lord Shiva said, “O Párvatii, there is no seventh factor. These are the six requisite factors which each and every spiritual aspirant should always remember.”