KRŚŃA OR KHUDÁ
NAMES OF THE SUPREME
SHRII SHRII A´NANDAMU´RTI
7 December 1964, Salem, INDIA
A very popular name of the Supreme Cognitive Principle is “Krśńa”.
What is the meaning of the word “Krśńa”?
KRŚŃA is the nave of this Cosmological order. HE is the nave of this Cosmo-psychic system.
HE attracts everybody towards HIMSELF with the help of HIS concentric force. This concentric force is called Vidyámáya in Saḿskrta.
So “HE who attracts everybody towards HIMSELF” — the great attractor, the great charmer.
“Krśńa” means “the great charmer”, “HE who charms the entire Universe”.
Another popular name is Náráyańa. Náráyańa is a very popular name of our Lord. The Nara, Nara means, the word Nara has three meanings in Saḿskrta.
One meaning is Nara means niira, that is, “water”.
Another meaning is “devotion”. You know the Rśi Nárada?
“Nárada” means “he who distributes Nara”, “he who distributes Bhakti”, “he who distributes devotion” — “Nárada”.
“Da” means donar. Nara – da.
So second meaning is “Devotion”, Bhakti”
And the third meaning is “the Cosmic Operative Principle”.
So Náráyańa means, Ayana means “shelter”.
So Náráyańa means “shelter of the Cosmic Operative Principle”.
That Operative Principle may be in the basic state, may be in the primordial state, may be in the vibrational state, but HE is the shelter of that Operative Principle.
HE is the ayana of Nara – Nárasya ayana ityarthe Náráyańa.
Cosmic Cognitive Principle is the Transcendent Entity, and the Cosmic Operative Principle is HIS innate principle.
Cosmic Operative Principle is not a Transcendental entity, it is an innate principle.
So the Cosmic Transcendental Entity is the Náráyańa — “shelter of Prakrti, shelter of the Operative Principle”. Hence HE is called Náráyańa.
Another popular name is “Mádhava”.
“Mádhava” also means Náráyańa.
The word Ma’ has got two meanings. One meaning of Ma’ is Indriya — Sensual organ.
And Dhava means “controller”, Dhava means “owner”, Dhava means “husband”.
So that “Mádhava” means “the Controller of the Operative Principle”. One meaning of Ma’ is Indriya and Another meaning of ma’ is “the Operative Principle”. So, “Mádhava”, Dhava means “controller”, So “Mádhava” means “the Controller of the Cosmic Operative Principle”. So “Mádhava” and Náráyańa have got the same meaning.
Another popular name is Iishvara.
One meaning of Iishvara is “Controller” – HE who controls all functional business of the universe is Iishvara.
Another meaning of Iishvara is “HE who has got Aeshvarya”.
“Aeshvarya” means certain Occult powers.
HE who has developed certain Occult powers is Iishvara.
And another meaning of Iishvara is “Kleshakarmavipákásháyaeraparámrśt́ah Puruśavisheśa Iishvarah” — “HE who remains unassailed by worldly pains and sufferings, by actions, and who remains unaffected by unserved saḿskáras, by reactive momenta, is Iishvara.”
And Vipákásháyae– “and who requires no shelter, who is not to be ensconced in any other shelter”, is Iishvara.
And another popular name is Bhagaván.
Bhagaván — “Bhaga plus matup” Bhaga+matup – prathama’, ek vacana [first case-ending, singular number]. Bhagavána.
Bhaga means “Aeshvaryaiṋca samagraiṋca viiryaiṋca yashasah shriyah;
Jiṋána vaerágyayoshca tu śańńáḿ bhaga iti smrtam”.
“Bhaga is the collective name of Aeshvarya, Viirya, Yasha, Shrii, Jiṋána and Vaerágya.”
So HE who has got these six attributes is Bhagavána, the owner of Bhaga, and Bhaga is the collection of these six attributes. Bhagavána.
Another name — not very popular — another name is Svádha.
“Svádha” means “HE who is guided by HIS own law, own system, own constitution”.
HE is the maker of the system, HE is the maker of the constitution, and HE is the first follower of that constitution, is Svádha.
The Persian term for Svádha is Khudá.
That is, an Autonomous entity, not being guided by anything external, is Svádha.
In Sádhaná Marga, spiritual aspirants are called Brahma Sádhaka. Here Brahma Sádhaka, Why is this word Brahma Sádhakas used for Spiritual aspirants?
Although the Cosmic Consciousness, that is, Cognitive Principle is the object of ideation of all spiritual aspirants, still is called a Brahma Sádhaka.
Spiritual aspirants are called Brahma Sádhakas – why?
Brahma is the collective name of the Cosmic Cognitive Principle and the Cosmic Operative Principle.
Although the Cognitive Principle is the object of ideation, but a Spiritual aspirant cannot keep himself away from aloof from worldly business, because his physical structure is a part of this quinquelemental world.
He cannot remain away from this observable universe. His mental structure it is a also part of the, also an expression of the Macropsychic Conation. So he will have to come in contact with physicality.
But while coming in contact with physicality, certainly for some time he will have to accept physical objects as his object of ideation; and if any physical object is taken as an object of Ideation, what will happen?
He will dart himself away from the nave of the Universe. This darting away from the nave of the universe means Negative introversion.
A Sádhaka, a Spiritual Aspirant, cannot do it. So while coming in contact with any object of this quinquelemental world, he will have to ascribe Brahmahood to those objects. This ascription of Brahma-hood saves him from downfall.
Human longings are trilateral, so he will have to come in contact with physical objects, and you will have to ascribe Brahma-hood to this physical objects.
And this physical objects are not a creation of the Cognitive Principle or of Operative Principle, but a creation of both of them.
Both of them have joinedly created this universe. So while ascribing Brahma-hood, we will have to think of Prakrti also.
That’s why a spiritual aspirant is not called Purus’a Sádhaka or Prakrti Sádhaka; He is called Brahma Sádhaka.
And as you are all spiritual aspirants, I like that you should be Brahma Sádhakas, and your life there should be a proper adjustment amongst your Physical longings, your Intellectual longings, and your Spiritual longings.
That is, your life should be a balanced life — there should be proper adjustment between Mundanity and Spirituality.