ACTION & REACTION
ACTION AND REACTION[Yellowish red part below is purely Original Discourse]
SHRII SHRII ÁNANDAMÚRTI
27 August 1979, Taipei, TAIWAN
Last night what was the subject?
That the movement, the progress of a spiritual aspirant starts from the physical strata. In the first phase, it is physical, then psychic, then psycho-spiritual, and finally spiritual – Káma, Artha, Dharma, and Mokśa.
Now you know, there is a theory that whenever there is an action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.
But, in the Philosophy of Ánanda Marga, this theory has changed like this.
Whenever there is an action, there is an equal and opposite reaction, provided that the three fundamental relative factors remain unchanged.
Whenever there is any change in any of these three fundamental relative factors, the reaction won’t be equal to the action.
These three fundamental relative factors are the spatial factor, temporal factor, and personal factor. These three are called Tridańd́a in Samskrta.
Tri means three in Samskrta. T-R-I – Tri.
In Latin also, tri-angle.
Dańd́a means pillar or stand.
In Latin, “triped”. These are the fundamental relative factors.
Whenever an action is done, in the next moment the temporal factor has changed.
Say, at 12:00 an action has been finalized.
When the reaction will start, it will be at least 12:01 or 12:02.
So the time of original action and the time of reaction are not the same. They can never be the same.
So time factor changes and the personal factor may or may not change.
Suppose, you did something when you were a boy of five, and then the reaction comes when you are a boy of 25. Are you the same boy?
There will be so many changes in your body. So the personal factor also changes, the personal factor when the action was done, and personal factor when the reaction comes.
Space also changes.
The Earth’s position in the Solar System is changing at every moment. The Sun with its solar system with all the planets and satellites, is moving in the vast space.
The Sun is also not fixed, not stationary. It also moves along with its entire planetary system, along with its planetary order. Do you follow?
And the relative distance between Earth and Sun also changes because the path is not circular.
It is to some extent elliptical. (Bábá makes a circular movement with HIS fingers).
The path is not circular, rather it is like this (Bábá makes an elliptical movement with HIS fingers).
When the Earth is there or there, the distance is more than what it was when the Earth was here or here. So space also changes.
For no action in this Universe does the reaction come without some change of time, space, or person.
The temporal, spatial, or personal factor must undergo changes. Is it clear? Is it crystal-clear?
Whenever an action is done, its reaction can never be equal and opposite. There should be some change.
Mr. X borrows some money from Mr. Y. Say, he takes 100 Rupees.
During the repayment, he will have to pay 100 plus some interest because the time factor has changed, otherwise he would have repaid the equal amount. Do you follow me?
Due to change in the temporal factor, he will have to pay some interest.
So in theory, the reaction should be equal and opposite, provided the three relative factors remain unchanged.
But surely there will be some change, so surely the reaction will not be equal and opposite.
That old theory that to each and every action there will be an equal and opposite reaction can not be supported now.
Now when should the reaction start?
Sometimes it may happen that a man was a degenerated man.
When he was a bad man, he was eating, drinking, and making merry, but as soon as he starts Sádhaná, he is to face so many obstacles, so many hardships. He has become good, but be has to undergo so many troubles, so many problems.
What is this? Why?
Do you follow what I said? Why?
The reason is that the pendulum moves. When it starts coming in the opposite side when its upward movement ends and the downward movement starts. The moment he becomes a good boy, becomes a Sádhaka, the reaction of his bad actions starts.
Suppose there is a good man. The moment he becomes bad, the reaction of his good actions starts. He is quite happy.
He says, “when I was a good man, I was suffering. And now I am a bad man. What! Mine is an easy life!”
When one asked, “Why do good men suffer and bad men do not suffer, what is the reason?” Buddha said.
Pápo’pi pashyati bhadraḿ yavo pápam na paccati
Yadá ca pápam paccati atha pápáni pashyati,
Bhadro’pi pashyati pápam yavo bhadram na paccati
Yadá na pacchati bhadram atha bhadráni pashyati.
What is the language? Yes, it is Páli language.
What Buddha said was in Páli language.
Pápa means sin, but it appears to be very good. Virtue and vice.
Bhadram means virtue.
Pápa means vice.
“Pápa - sin, appears to be very good because the reaction of Pápa does not start.
Suppose a man holding a ticket for lower class travels in upper class. He is quite happy.
Without spending much money, he is quite happy.
But when the ticket checker or the police will arrest him, then the reaction starts.
The man is quite happy until the reaction starts.
Pápa appears to be very good, but when the reaction starts, then the man feels that his original action was bad.”
When a man is good, his life is neat and clean, then he is to undergo so much suffering because of his goodness.
It appears as if his goodness is a curse, his morality is a curse, but only until the reaction starts.
When the reaction starts, then it is seen that what he did was good. That is why he is enjoying the good reactions.
Who said these things? Buddha, in his Dharmapada, he said.
Nobody can avoid the suffering of reactions.
Suffering due to good actions and suffering due to bad actions – both are suffering.
The reactions of good actions are just like a chain of gold, and reactions of bad actions are just like the sufferings of a chain of iron. Both are chains.
The trouble is the same in both the cases. If the chain is made of gold, will the suffering be a lesser one? What?
There is no difference between a gold chain and an iron chain.
Gold chain or golden chain?
Golden means that it looks like gold, but is not gold.
Yávannakśiiyate karma shubhaḿcáshubhamevaca
Távannajáyate mokśo nrńáḿ kalpashataerapi.
“[[As long as]] there are reactive momenta, while there are unsatisfied reactions, there can’t be Mokśa.”
When a man is freed from all reactions, he is called Iishvara, he is “enjoying Mokśa” – where there is no reaction, where all the reactions have been fully satisfied, where all reactions have been fully quenched.
Whenever you will do good action, you will have to wait for good reactions. Whenever you do bad action, you will have to wait for bad reactions.
But in this world of ours, you will have to do some action either good or bad.
Then how is one to attain Mokśa?
How is one to get Salvation?
He is to do something.
This body is a machine. It is for doing work.
This mind is also an ectoplasmic machine. It is also to do something.
The body can not remain without doing any work. Even inhalation and exhalation, respiration is also an action.
Even to sleep is an action.
Is it a verb – sleeping?
And those who are of lethargic by nature, always sleeping, also do something, “To sleep” is a verb. Transitive or intransitive? (laughter)
Then what is a good man to do, to save himself from bad reactions of bad actions and good reactions of good actions?
In order to attain Salvation, he is to free himself from the reactions of good actions and bad actions.
To save oneself from the reactions of bad actions, what one may do?
YOU please enjoy it. I don’t want to enjoy it. Let me suffer. What?
Let me undergo the sufferings for my bad deeds, and let YOU enjoy the Good fruits of my Good actions.”Do you follow it?
Then you won’t be undergoing any Good reaction of Good action, and you will attain Salvation.
This is the Only Way, and this is a very Intelligent Way.
But what do General public do?
They want that their bad reaction should go to HIM, and Good reaction to them. Laugther… It is defective approach.
Somebody, some people are so much Intellectually developed they say while doing anything bad, “Oh God! Oh Parama Puruśa!
YOU misguided mv mind. That’s why the bad action was done by me.
So Reaction should go to YOU.
And when I did Good action, I take the responsibility.
And so, Bábá is laughing wholeheartedly – the reaction should go to me.”
Now, don’t do like this, because the actuality is known to Parama Puruśa. Do you follow?
Your jugglery of words won’t do.
Now what I said, it is for the Devotees, for all Spiritual Aspirants.
It is the Supreme Truth.
In repeating Buddha I said,
Sinca bhikśu imaḿ nábaḿ sittá te lahumessati,
Chetvá rágaḿ ca dosaḿ ca tato nibbańaḿehisi.
“Oh the Spiritual aspirant! You are crossing this Ocean of Reaction. If you are to go to the other bank of this Ocean of Reaction, you should be very cautious.” So that no ………
Muiṋca pure muiṋca pacchato majjhe muiṋca bhabassa Páragú,
Sabbattha bimuttamánáso na puna játijaraḿ upehisi.
You must not run after any psychic weakness, you must not cherish any psychic weakness.
You must not go on remembering the sweet memory of your past.
Your only Goal is the Parama Puruśa and your only motive is to satisfy the Parama Puruśa by your action.
Don’t do anything bad, and offer the good reactions of good works to Parama Puruśa.