LORD BUDDHA’S CARDINAL PRINCIPLES{corrected from different source but incomplete}


30 May 1979 evening, Valencia

Lord Buddha said, Samyak karmánta. There are subtle instructions which have cardinal human value. Lord Buddha’s instruction to common people, one and all, was that everybody should follow eight such principles.

You know “Buddha means “he who has deep spiritual knowledge”, “he who is guided by intuition”.

The common man is guided by intellect or expediency or by inborn instincts or inborn faculties. The octopus knows that the crab is its food. This knowledge it acquires from whom?

From experience? No.

From books? No.

It is inborn instinct.

The peacock knows that the snake is its enemy. The snake knows the peacock is its enemy. These things are not book knowledge or knowledge acquired through experience or clashes or cohesions. These are all inborn instincts, or you may say inborn rights.

In the case of some developed animals, they acquire some knowledge through experience – clashes and cohesions. In the case of some more – developed animals, they acquire some training – they acquire knowledge through training. They undergo certain training. That’s like dogs, monkeys.

And in the case of man, there is a subtler knowledge, above the subtler knowledge is intuitional knowledge.

The man who has acquired intuitional knowledge is called “Buddha” in Samskrta.

His instruction to common man, this eight fold path, is known as “Aśt́áuṋga Mágga”.

Aśt́áuṋga means “a collection of eight”, and Márga comes from the Samskrta word Márga, as in “Ánanda Márga”. (Márga means “path” in Samskrta, and during Buddha’s time the Samskrta language ceased to exist, and the people’s language was a daughter of Samskrta known as Prákrta. In that Prákrta ‘Márga’ means ‘Mágga’.)

This past instruction was – the eight instructions are – samyak darshana, samyak saḿkalpa, samyak vák, samyak ájiiva, samyak vyáyáma, samyak karmánta, samyak smrti, and samyak samádhi. These are the Eight-Fold Path.