1971, December, Patna, INDIA
In ancient times, the kavi’s name was not poet.
Kavi name was actually known as “Satya drsta Rsi”.
Now in this modern age, the Saḿskrta word kavi is known to be “poet”.
Itikathá(history), means the recorded notes of chronological events; that is, the proper recorded notes of events which took place in order; and Itihása what does it means?
The history or portion of Itikathá means the recorded notes of events in proper way, which is known as history.
Then Itihása what was it?
The history or Itikathá’s that portion, in which there was Caturvarga’s fruit of realization; that is Dharma ártha káma mokśá, where this Caturvarga’s was well known has virtuous path, for that portion of Itikathá, it was said to be Itihása.
For Itihása, there is no English synonym.
The history of India, it means Bharatavarsa ki Itikathá, and not Bharatavarsa ka Itihása.
And what was the other – puráńa (mythology)?
What was puráńa? You know Itihása means the special educated record of events, the actual facts.
But purana is not the same, katha-kahanii. But which has local educative value.
That portion of Itikatha, which has local educative value, is known as Itihása. In the similar sense, if in that part of Kahanii there is local education, then we call that to be puráńa.
For the Saḿskrta “Katha-nika”, in Prakrta it became “Kaha-niya” and in modern hindi, it is “Kaha-ni”. This is puráńa.
The local educative portion that was puráńa, who was long back, you know was Vyasa Jii, Vyasa jii knew that the local population may not be in a position to understand Samskrta, and as the local population language was “Prakrta”, so this puŕána was written in a very simple language, in the local Samskrta language, that is local Vaedic Samskrta, he wrote it.
There was various puráńas like VAYU PURÁŃA, VIŚŃU PURÁŃA, BRAHMA VAIVARTA PURÁŃA, only with the intention to educate the local people’s through the medium of kaha-nii.
You must remember that this puráńa is not the fact.
You know, the Mahábhárata, what was Mahábhárata, it was Itihása. That portion of Itikathá, which had special educated value, was Itihása.
Rámáyańa was puráńa.
Tripurásura was a very ancient type of story. There was an asura, whose name was Tripurásura.
Tripurásura, who’s Bhakta was he? Lord Viśńu. Shaeva, that is devotees of Shiva, they thought that he must become the Bhakta of Shiva. It is farce that one will force to make one a Bhakta, it was better to have convinced and make him a bhakta, but instead applied pressure on him. Then Tripurásura told them, what the matter is. Actually, he had known the Hanuman’s story already.
He said that, “Shriináthe Jánakiináthe cábhede Paramátmani,
Tathápi mama sarvasva Rámah kamalalocanah.”
He said, I could not go against my Iśt́a whatsoever.
I shall always say the name of Viśńu only. How can I leave that.
They must have convinced saying that there is no difference between Viśńu and Shiva, as both of them are the same. But they didn’t do that.
Tripurásura started creating impediment and troubles against the Shaevites, which he should have not done. Then what did Shiva do, there was battle of fight amongst him and Shiva, then what did happen in the battle, Tripurásura had to undergo his death.
For this incident, Shiva’s one name was known as “Tripurari”, that is the most of them use this name. You may all know the name use has Tripurari Singh. Baba is saying something which I did not understand here.
Now one name of Shiva, then after the death of Tripurásura, his son was Gayásura.
What he did, he said, I shall take revenge, so there were many battles, and while in these battles, ultimately he had to meet his death. So at last, he started vocalizing Viśńu.
Tripurásura was also great warrior but never did he not fight against Devatas’. But what did Gayásura do that from Viśńu, he did take the boon that – svaraga(heaven), mata(earth), rasatala(lower most strata of hell), devata(God like beings), dhanava(beast like beings), manushya(normal human beings), from all these, never he must get defeated.
Then Viśńu had to say – Tatahasutu.
Then he started fierce battle everywhere and only battle, battle. Wherever there was battle, there was only victory to Gayásura because he had the boon from Visnu. So then, what the story is that, “power corrupts, absolute power absolutely corrupts”.
After getting power in the hands of Gayásura, what did happen?
In his mind what happened, I shall not accept Viśńu now,[Margii laughter], just like the traitor group.
Laughingly Beloved Baba continues, from whom he received the power; he wants to fight against him only. And it happened just like that with Gayásura as well.
What is the story similar to? In the hands of Shiva, there is d́ambaru (instrument to play), when anybody does prańáma to Shiva, then these d́ambaru thinks that everybody his doing prańáma (salutation) to it. [Márgii laughter] In the market there are tons of thousands of d́ambarus—the people hardly do prańáma to those d́ambarus. [Bábá laughs and Márgiis laugh] Yes, so it happened just like that with Gayásura as well.
And Lord Viśńu had already granted him the boon that, “With whomsoever battle will be done, Gayásura will be victorious.” So Gayásura challenged Lord Viśńu, then what? Now Lord Viśńu had to protect the prestige of His boon! As a result, after tough physical battle between the two, Lord Viśńu was defeated. After all, Lord Viśńu had to protect His boon. Then Gayásura tied Lord Viśńu firmly to a tree. And proceeded to praise [do the stuti of] the defeated Lord Viśńu.
After that Gayásura went everywhere on earth, heaven and hell attacking and marauding over everyone with whom he came in contact. And so it is “Power corrupts, absolute power, absolutely corrupts”. So from all four directions, he started to attack and was becoming victorious. So they all came to Viśńu and they saw him, but Viśńu said you all see in what condition I am in, that he has tied me in what way.
They said to Viśńu, in the physical sphere, you have blessed him, everywhere that Gayásura shall be victorious, but not in psychic and spiritual sphere, isn’t it.
Now he has already tied me well to this tree, and he is throwing out praises, but now you have to do something to these suffering living worlds, so let me approach him and see what I can do.
When Gayásura came by, Viśńu asked, who was defeated, you were defeated and I became victorious.
Viśńu said, I have given the boon, now you must give me the boon, whatever you may. So Gayásura said, I can do anything for you, so I can give you the boon what you wish.
So I want such a boon that, “You shall become a stone”. Gayásura also had human feeling, and he had soft corner towards human beings, Gayásura said, it is all right, and I am ready, so I say, Tatahastu. Still he has been tied to the tree, and Gayásura tell me now you shall want that and say “Tatahastu”.
As he said, slowly from the bottom, his legs started turning to stone gradually. When Gayásura�s became stone up to his waist, he said, my first condition is that you must put your two feet in my heart, so that your two feet’s mark must remain in my heart. Viśńu you must agree to it, but asked the reason for such a condition.
Gayásura said, “So that people should know that the two feet of the Lord is always in the heart of a devotee, whether they are good or bad.” Then Viśńu did keep his feet on his heart.
Then Viśńu said, Gayásura  soon tell me what was the second condition, because you are already getting turned till the heart, and now Gayásura  said you know Viśńu, whenever anybody comes to your take your shelter that is to the two feet’s of yours, then you must assure to give them mukti and moksa in all condition. Then you promise me, yes I shall promise that whoever whether they desire for it or not, they must all get it.
Till here, Gayásura turned into a stone, that is from the throat, there is no voice coming out, till here, and Viśńu said, please tell me soon, tell me what you want to say, the third and last condition was, “if even though anybody having the Lord�s feet in their heart fails to get mukti-moksa (liberation-salvation), then this petrified Gayásura will again become a living Gayásura.”
Lord Viśńu said Tatahastu that is agreed to it.
This story is very beautiful, and its spirit is very wonderful.
What was the spirit here is that in the devotees heart, always there resides Bhagavan and sure, HE remains without fail.
Whether the devotee may be “good or bad”, Bhagavan will never forget and see that, irrespective of good or bad, that He shall do the duty towards them in all possible and impossible ways.
As to the second condition, if at all anybody comes under the shelter of His two feets, then one shall get liberation and salvation, as it is a very small thing for Him, and third thing is that to withhold the promise of that boon, whoever has come to His shelter, one shall get mukti-moksa(liberation and salvation) without any iota of doubt and it is guaranteed.
So that in this world the devotees must never get perturbed in any, condition and live without fear.