ÁGAMA AND NIGAMA{purely Original Discourse}


30 September 1978, Patna, INDIA 

Átmajiṋánamidaḿ devii paraḿ mokśaekasádhanam.

Sukrtaer mánavo bhutvá jiṋánii cenmokśamápnuyát.

You know, in Tantra Shástra there are two wings – one wing of Tantra is called Ágama and the other wing is known as Nigama.

Tantra, you know, there are two interpretations of the term Tantra, it has, two derivatory meanings.

One meaning is “Taḿ jádyát tárayet yastu sah Tantrah parikiirttitah”. 

Tan” means “dullness”, “lethargy” and “tra” means liberator. That which liberates you from spiritual dullness, spiritual lethargy is Tantra.

Another interpretation of the term Tantra is – “Tan” is a root verb, Saḿskrta root verb, “Tan” means “to expand” and “Tra” means liberator, root verb “trae” + suffix “d́a” = “tra”. “Tra” means liberator; “trae” means “to liberate”.

Tantra means the science that helps you in all-round expansion, rather that helps you in liberation by your all-round expansion.

“Tan” means “to expand”.

A little boy’s body always expands – daily, weekly, monthly. So, the body of a man up to the age of 39 is called “Tanu”, in Saḿskrta, “tanu” means “expanding”.

And after 39 the body of a man is called shariira.

“Shariira” means, waning, that undergoes waning.

There are two wings of Tantra – one wing is Ágama and other wing is Nigama. Á prefix – root verb gaḿ + al suffix, and

Ni prefix – root verb gaḿ + al suffix, Ágama and Nigama.

It is said that,

Ágatáḿ shivavaktrebhyah gataḿ ca Girijáshrutao.

Mataḿ ca vásudevasya Tasmát Á ga ma ucyate.

Ágatáḿ Shivavaktrebhyah – it came out from the “vaktr” that is lips of Shiva, What is the first letter of Ágatáḿ Shivavaktrebhyah,

“Á”, Ágatáḿ shivavaktrebhyah and Gataḿ ca Girijáshrutao, Gataḿ ca Girijáshrutao went into the ears of “Girijá”, that is Párvatii, Gataḿ ca Girijáshrutao,

What is the first letter, “Ga”? ́

́Á, Ga, and Mataḿ ca vásudevasya and it is the view or rather it is the science of Vásudeva.

Vásudeva mana Krśńa”.

Hence it is ́Á, Ga, Ma. Mataḿ ca Vásudevasya, first letter is Ma.

Á, Ga, Ma.

Tasmát Á ga ma ucyate and another portion is Nigama,

In Ágama portion what did happen.

Párvatii, the spouse of Shiva was Párvatii, Párvatii placed several questions before Shiva, and Shiva gave the replies?

This replies are, these questions are known as “Nigama”.

And replies are known as “ Ágama”.

Both are important.

Here the question placed before Shiva by Párvatii was,

What is the minimum qualification for becoming a spiritual aspirant?”

She asked Lord Shiva, Oh Lord ! What are the minimum qualifications for a Spiritual aspirant?

The Shiva’s reply was the minimum qualification is that he should have a human body. This much.

The qualification, you know these minimum qualification, this chance can be availed by each and every human being, because each and every human being has a, has got a human body.

HE says, Lord Shiva says:

Átmajiṋánamidaḿ devi paraḿ Mokśa eka Sádhanam

Oh Devi, Devi means here Párvatii, Átmajiṋánam idaḿ, idaḿ Átmajiṋánam paraḿ Mokśa eka Sádhanam.

Whenever one acquires Átmajiṋánam, that is, whenever one knows, one gets the chance to realize what one is, then what does happen?

One acquires Mokśa.

And, for this purpose, that is, to know ones “One’s Self” the minimum qualification is “Sukrtaer mánavo bhútvá”.

when passing through so many animal lives in the phase of Pratisaiṋcara, when one acquires a human body then one is eligible or we may say one has acquired the minimum qualification for Spiritual Sádhaná.

Sukrtaer mánavo bhútvá jiṋánii cenmokśamápnuyát.

Mánavo bhutvá.” I will explain, “Mánavo bhutvá”.

Now first thing “Sukrtaer mánavo bhútvá”.

Now in the phase of Pratisaiṋcara , through clashes and cohesions, when one acquires the human frame work, human structure then “Sukrtaeh”, it has been said “Sukrtaeh”, “Sukrtaeh” means, in old language, in older language, “Sukrtaeh” means “Sakrteaeh”, that is passing through so many forms of so many animals and so many clashes and so many cohesions, one gets the human form and that is one, when one may become a spiritual aspirant and not before that.

While one is in the body of an animal one cannot do any Spiritual practice.

After getting a human body, if one does not utilize that body in spiritual pursuits, one is surely a fool, because he is not utilizing his potentialities. He is not utilizing one’s potentialities.

When one becomes A’tma jiṋánii then one attains Mokśa.

Also, in the first portion it is said, “Átmajiṋánam” and in the last portion also it has been said “Jiṋánii cenmokśamápnuyát.”

Átmajiṋánam is Jiṋánam”.

What is Átmajiṋánam?

What is Self-knowledge?

What is Self-Realization?

You see, it is the natural wont, you may say natural wont, of each and every living being to see others, not to see himself.

That is, whenever one becomes a Subjective entity, one takes others as one’s objective counterpart, but not, never the self is taken as the Objective counterpart.

That is “Subjectivity never merges with Objectivity”, and that’s the trouble.

You want to know so many things but you never want to know Yourself.

But Your “Self” is your nearest entity but you never want to know yourself.

That is the pity, that is the trouble.

Átmajiṋánam” means a stage of “Objectlessness”.

Seeing one’s one Self within oneself and not guiding any Cognitive or Psychic faculty towards any Objectivity.

You have got so many Psychic faculties.

You have got so many cognitive faculties too, but without, you always try to goad your psychic and cognitive faculties to other objects.

But, if you withdraw all your psychic propensities and cognitive faculties and goad those faculties towards yourself and be at Peace without coming in contact with any Objective world that phase of your mind and spirit; that stance of Non-relativity, is Átmajiṋánam.

It is the true Jiṋánam because all other Jiṋánam’s[knowledges] are contaminated by relativity, but this Jiṋánam, not because of its non-independence on any second objectivity, is what, is of absolute character and it is Átmajiṋánam.

For acquiring this Átmajiṋánam, one need not go through volumes of books.

One should develop sincere urge to attain this Átmajiṋánam and develop Love for the Supreme. This is the Sádhaná.

And after Self-realization in this process, one attains Salvation. This is the reply of Shiva. So it is, it may be treated as a portion of Ágama.