PCAP[Prevention to cruelty of Animals & Plants] & Master Unit(MU)
BIRDS AND ANIMALS, OUR NEIGHBOURS–ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED IN BANGLA – AMADER PARTIVESHII PASHU O PAKSHII – 1987
by SHRII PRABHÁT RAIṊJAN SARKÁR
Chapter on “Humans Are So Cruel!”, “Vultures are carnivorous birds” excerpt. Discourse in Bengali. Originally published in Bengali as part of section on “Krantu”, Discourse 66 in Shabda Cayanika 10, 1987. First English publication as part of “How Cruel Human Beings Are!” in Neohumanism in a Nutshell 2, 1987.
GLOBAL WATER CRISIS
BABA has warned us that there will be a great WATER CRISIS starting in 1986 and getting worse until 2000, when we will find it hard to find drinking water and will depend on RAIN WATER for survival. This crisis has already started in many parts of India and the world.
Actually India has no shortage of water: India receives more rainfall than any area of the world except South America, but it only uses one tenth (1/10) of its precious rainfall. The rest washes off to the sea. So Ba’ba’ said we must catch rainwater where it falls.
The traditional Indian system of water management was to store rainwater in ponds and tanks for use all year round.
Previously half of Indian agriculture used irrigation from tanks, which were collectively cleaned and managed by all the villagers.
But the British Raj replaced the collective systems of tanks with individually owned TUBEWELLS. These tubewells drained the water table and now thousands of villages in India have no water and are rapidly becoming desert. This is clear example of how “Common Property resources” such as rivers, lakes and forest which were previously managed and used collectively, have in this capatialist era become “Commodity resources”, managed and used only by a few. This is against the PROUTIST principle of just and rational distribution of resources.
PROUT’s SOLUTION TO THE WATER CRISIS as demostrated on our MASTER UNITS:
2. PONDS AND TANKS
3. CHECK DAMS ON RIVERS
This land and water management should be done immediately on every master unit throughout the world.
1. AFFORESTATION PROGRAM – two phases
1. Planting fast growing trees which grow to full height in 6 months to 2 years. These attract rain. For example: SANDALWOOD, SIRIS (Albizzia Lebbeck), SISOO (Dalbergia) and DRUMSTICK.
2. Planting slow growing trees like Teak.
Trees act like sponge to catch rainwater, and recharge the WATER TABLE. THEY STOP erosion and silting of rivers and prevent floods. Where there are no trees water and soil run off into the sea.
Fibrous Root Trees hold water in their roots, prevent soil erosion, and recharge the ground water table. TAP ROOT TREES like eucluptus do not help to check soil erosion. Rather they do harm because their deep roots drain water from the underground water table. This deprives other trees and plants of water, and creates deserts. Thus BABA does not recommend the plantation of eucalyptus trees, Government “Social forestry” programs of planting millions of eucalyptus trees benefit only rich farmers who use the eucalyptus plantations as a cash crop.
RIVER SIDE Plantation of fibrous root trees should be done in all master units to prevent the rivers from sitting and drying up in the dry season. For example: BANYAN, PALMYRA, NEEM, TAMARIND, SISAL, and FRUIT TREES. If this is done, BABA will give names to the rivers.
Almost all governments give funds for afforestation projects, especially with school children. Find out if your local government will help you plant trees in your Master Unit.
These should be dug at least 5 feet deep, maximum ten feet. These store rainwater and recharge the water table. Around each pond 5 types of plants should be planted immediately.These will not only prevent evaporation from the pond but also give added income to the MASTER Unit.
1. SLOPE PLANTS (Pineapple, asparagus, Aloevera)
2. EDGE PLANTS (Palm trees)
3. SURFACE PLANTS (Lily, lotus, water chestnut)
4. SURROUNDING PLANTS (Vegetables, grain)
5. WIRE PLANTS ON WALL (fruit, flower, vegetables)
3. SMALL DAMS ON RIVERS
These will check the loss of rain water to the sea, and save water for use in irrigation and generating electricity. Check dams should be built instead of large dams which ruin the soil, increase floods, destroy the surrounding plants and animals, and displace the local people (like the Narmada Dam, which is being strongly resisted by environmentalists and local villagers). BABA said these check dams should not cost more than Rs. 100,000/- but will give the benefits of millions of rupees.
It is urgent to establish a water supply system in the Master Units NOW before it is too late.
BABA said the spirit of our water Conservation program is to increase the amount of existing water ten times. Immediately we must do the following:
1. increase the depth of ponds, wells or rivers on the Master Unit .. dig them deeper
2. Increase the area …… dig them wider
3. Do more plantation around the water Source.
The Master Units in every corner of the world will not only save many people from the coming severe water crisis, but will also set an ideal example of PROUTIST maximum utilization of resources fro the new humanity of tomorrow.
SPECIAL EMERGENCY SURVIVAL PROJECT
These minimum foods for future survival must be planted immediately in all master units:
1. Vegetables 2. Pulses(dal) 3. Potatoes 4. Fodder for Dairy cows.
Potatoes on ridges (root crops)
Cauliflower in between the potatoes (surface crops)
Eggplants, Cucumber, Chillies in the furrows.
Small Spices (like cumin) on slopes of the ridges.
Fruit Trees on the borders of the fields
Small Spices under the fruit trees.
Master Units should be immediately establish:
1. INTER CROPPING SCHEME
2. PONDS with PLANTATION
3. IRRIGATION CHANNELS or PUMPING SYSTEM from water source to the fields.
4. TERRACING THE FIELDS if necessary to prevent water run-off.