“1988, 11 November, BONE AGE”
THREE TYPES OF OCCUPATION (corrected from another source other than electronic edition)
Shrii Shrii Prabhata Rainjan Sarkar
11 November 1988, Calcutta, INDIA
[In this discourse the bloody Vedic addicted idiots are adding some sentences of their own, beware of such scoundrels distorting Baba’s all discourses with Vedicism or Aryanism or Westernism or xyzism such…hypocrisy]
There are three types of jiiviká or occupations for human beings – physical, mental and spiritual.
Animals have only one type of occupation and that is physical. If animals get food they are satisfied, but human beings are not satisfied with food or mere physicalities.
They need to be engaged in psychic and spiritual occupations also.
Psychic occupations are those occupations which engage the mind, while Ádhyátmik or Dhármic Jiivika, or spiritual occupations, are those which involve human beings in the field of Dharma.
The first human beings evolved one million years ago in Ráŕh. These first humans were no better than animals.
They had only one occupation and that was physical: they used to hunt animals for food.
To be successful hunters, they needed weapons.
So primitive people started producing weapons out of bones. This signified the beginning of the first age – the Bone Age. However, bone weapons could not fulfill all their requirements.
After the Bone Age came the Stone Age.
In the Stone Age stones were the predominant tools.
Stones were harder than bones and lasted longer. Even today in Ráŕh, stone tools can be found where a river flows near the base of a mountain.
After the Stone Age came the Bronze Age. In the Bronze Age people started manufacturing deities out of bronze.
Some of these statues can still be found today.
After the Bronze Age came the Iron Age.
At this stage human beings progressed more rapidly and spread out with accelerating speed.
In this Iron Age, the wheel was invented.
The Iron Age started 100,000 years ago.
It took human beings 90,000 years to come to the Iron age from the Bone age.
Before the Iron Age, human beings used to live in caves or in trees.
These primitive humans were mainly engaged in physical occupations, though a small amount of their energy was spent in psychic occupations.
Their physical occupations involved gathering, preparing and eating food, while their psychic occupation was satisfied with dance.
One of the first discoveries human beings made was the ladder, as primitive humans felt the need to climb trees to get to their homes.
Later a type of ladder was also used to level wet ground for agriculture.
A similar system is still used in parts of India today.
Once agriculture started, people learnt how to grow straw, and they began to build straw houses on the ground.
After human beings learnt the science of constructing houses, they were able to travel and settle wherever they chose, and they achieved a measure of stability and security in social life.
This development led human beings to contemplate something higher than the physical or psychic spheres, and they began to think about spirituality.
This in turn led to the commencement of Atmic or Dharmic jiivika 15,000 years ago, and consequently the Upanishad and Árnyaka or the spiriutal portions of the Vedas were composed.
So, we can say that human civilization started about 15,000 years ago, and that the Vedic civilization is the oldest civilization in the world.
About this time people also began to specialize in different fields of labour according to their capacity and efficiency.
For example, those who were physically strong would protect their village and provide general security, and those who were more artistic or skilful would manufacture artifacts, clay pots or prepare hides and cloth.
However, in those days there was no caste system.
In the Iron Age people also began to manufacture items more scientifically.
However a full-fledged civilization, with the four symbols of advancement – agriculture, the wheel, dress and script – start ed only about 7,000 years ago. Human beings had grasped the rudimentals of these inventions by this time. Pictorial letters were invented less than 7,000 years ago, and philosophy was discovered only about 4,000 years ago. People knew how to make steel in the time of the Mahábharata 3,500 years ago.
With the invention of the wheel, the use of bullock carts became widespread.
Those who were responsible for discoveries like the wheel or bullock carts were known as “Mahatmans.” The title “Máháto” came from Mahatman. The Máháto communities of today are the descendants of the high thinking people of the past.
Some people think that Mahato is a caste, but Mahato is not caste.
There is no logic in the caste system.
Today human beings are increasingly becoming engaged in psychic and spiritual occupations, and this trend will increase more rapidly in the future.
So far as Ánanda Márga is concerned it will never compel people to follow Ánanda Márga philosophy, rather, it will always inspire others by selfless service, sacrifice, good conduct, all-round knowledge, etc.
Ánanda Márga is a comprehensive mode of living, and in Ananda Marga Sádhaná, Dhyana and Japa are Atmic or Dharmic jiivika.