“NEO-MAGNA-CARTA” delivered by
SHRII PRABHATA RAINJAN SARKAR
DATE UNKNOWN, INDIA
A period long afterwards:
To-day the human society has moved far ahead and far away from the time when the concept of magna carta was first evolved by the barons in 1215. We are now standing at the threshold of 21st century, having crossed over a long period of history. Meantime, we have experienced the era of European Renaissance; our adventurous fathers have extended our world to all the continents through geographical discoveries. To us, material science has brought enormous benefit of industrial revolution; our political evolution has also made us well aware of monarchy, dictatorship, benevolent dictatorship, and democracy. Meanwhile, we have also get method after testing the ‘bitter fruits’ of capitalism, communism, fascism and colonialism. Our experiences of 1st and 2nd world wars still make us horrified and shocked. In all parts of the world fanaticism of ‘isms’ are igniting the flash-points of confrontations between different groups and nations in all the continents of the globe.
Inspite of these currents and cross-currents of white and black forces, the eternal progress of human race in the world is going on. Today, our values are changed, social outlook is elevated, socio-political rights are revised, economic systems are also remoulded. These changes have occurred in the minds of the modern people resulting in a new set of rights and demands which leads us to world-society, world culture, world government and world-outlook.
This new set of rights and demands constitutes the Magan Carta of the new world based on cardinal human values and Neo-humanistic ideas . Our Neo-Magna Carta suggests:
(i) Complete security should be guaranteed to all plants and animals.
(ii) Each country must guarantee purchasing power to all its citizens;
(iii) Constitution should guarantee four fundamental rights:
– Spiritual practice/Dharma
- Cultural legacy
- Indigenous linguistic expression
(iv) If the practice of any these rights conflicts with cardinal human values, then the practice should be immediately curtailed; cardinal human values must take precedence over all other rights.
Our Neo-Magna-Carta is far more developed, Neo-humanistic, universal and progressive than the old ones. This adds new dimension to the history of mankind and paves the way to peace, prosperity and perfection for the human society.
In near future, the world Government will be formed. It will have World-Constitution. The Neo-Magna-Carta will be one of the major corner-stones of that Constitution.
Before that, the more it is accepted, introduced and practiced by larger number of so0called nation-states, the better will be the future prospect of human race.
Magna Carta was the charter drawn up by british barons and presented to the king in 1215. The great mass of the people, the villeins, had little interest in it. It contained nothing revolutionary except the provisions to create a controlling council of 25 barons. It did not guarantee liberty to all english people, but in a later period of the stuart kings the english people became “free men’ because some of the clauses of the magna carta were given a newer and wider meaning and were invoked against the crown.
Yet magan carta is vitally important in human history because it was the first attempt on the part of the english people to bring their kings to adhere to the rule of law and to the customs of the land. As such it was a valuable precedent for later periods. it is also a landmark in the history of liberty which has for a long time and still is the main heritage of england.
On 15 June 1215 this great charter was presented to king john. it was virtually a treaty between the king and the barons. It had 63 clauses. The first clause demanded that the english church be free from the interference of the king and enjoy its liberties as before; it should be free from royal encroachment. A few clauses protected the villeins. Some clauses protected the property of the barons and lords against the king. Other clauses guaranteed feudal liberties of ownership and use of land to the barons and provided for the management of the barons’ lands without the interference of the king.
One revolutionary clause was clause 61 which attempted to bind the king with something more than a promise. A special body of 25 barons was to be elected who ought, with all their power, to observe, hold and cause to be observed the peace and liberties which were conceded to them. When king john heard this clause he exclaimed “they have given me five and twenty over kings!”
After the council of barons was created in 1215, the house of commons was formed in 1265 and modern parliament in 1296.