SAVITR RK {purely Original Discourse}


2 September 1978, Patna, INDIA 

A Few Days back, I told you regarding the imports of a Vaedic hymn,

Asato má Sadgamaya

I have also told you that the proper spirit during prayer should be to request the Supreme Self to Guide the mind, towards Bliss.

That is, mind should be goaded unto the Path of Bliss. It should be properly guided.

When the thoughts are purified everything is purified. Only one thing, one may ask only one thing. That is, “O Lord just, just remould my mentallic structure, just purify my psychic base”. 

Ba’ba’ is speaking in Hindi ….. that translation has to be done.

I also said that the same thing; asked for the same thing in the Gáyatrii Mantra.

It is incorrectly called Gáyatrii Mantra.

But actually, its actual name is “Savitr Rk”. 

The Rk Veda, the Oldest Scripture in the World, is divided into several portions, and each and every portion is known as a Mańd́ala and each and every Mańd́ala is subdivided into several “Súktas”. 

And Each and every Súkta is further divided into “Rks”. 

That is, each and every Shloka of the Rk Veda is known as “Rk”. That’s why the Veda is known as “Rk Veda”. 

This particular mantra, which is commonly known as “Gáyatrii Mantra”, is a Rk of the third Mańd́ala, tenth Súkta, sixty second(62) Rk. 

In the Rk Veda, it has been said to name the “Rk” according to the name in, according to the word used for addressing the Supreme Entity. 

In this Rk the Supreme Entity is addressed as “Savitá”.

That’s why it is known as “Savitr Rk”, “that is Rk of Savitá”. 

In the Vedas, during the time of Vedas, people could not write. 

That is, Scripts were not known to them. 

Guru used to say and disciples used to hear. 

Ear is called “Shruti” in Saḿskrta – That’s why one of the names of the Vedas is “Shruti”. 

They could not read because there was no Script. 

You know, Saḿskrta language has got no Script of its own. It has been written in different local languages of different ages.

In this Rk, Savitr Rk it has been said. 

Auḿ bhúr bhuvah svah

Oṋḿ tat saviturvareńyaḿ

Bhargo devasya dhiimahi

Dhiyo yo nah pracodayát Auḿ. 

It is composed in a particular rhythm known as “Gáyatrii Rhythm”. 

In the Vedas there are, there were seven recognized Rhythms – Gáyatrii, Uśńika, Triśt́upa, Anuśt́apa, Brhati, Jagatii and Paunkti.

It is composed in Gáyatrii rhythm and the specialty with the Gáyattrii rhythm is that, there should be three lines, and there must be eight syllables in each and every line. 

Ba’ba’ starts again speaking in Hindi and its translation has to be done for Hindi speaking people. 

The original Mantra is:

Tatsavitur vareńyaḿ; Bhargo devasya dhiimahi ; Dhiyo yo nah pracodayát” these much.

And “Auḿ bhúr bhuvah svah”portion is a latter addition, it has been taken from Atharva Veda. Not a part of the original Mantra. 

Now you see three lines, there should be

Tatsavitur vareńyaḿ

next line – Bhargo devasya dhiimahi

last line – Dhiyo ya nah pracodayát. 

There should be eight syllables in each and every line. 

Tat savitur vareńyam”, 

Bhargo – Bhar go de va sya dhii ma hi – eight syllables. 

– Dhi yo ya nah pra co da yát – eight syllables.

But the first line, first line first paunkti is Tat sa vi tur va re ńiyam seven syllables. 

But as per rule there should be eight syllables. As the Vaedic system is, wherever there is any clash between grammar or rhythm with, where there is any clash between grammar and rhythm, rhythm is to be supported and not the grammar. 

So, here for the sake of rhythm, the correct pronunciation should be, “Tat sa vi tur va re ńi-yam”, ńiyam has been cut into two portions, ńi – yam. 

Ba’ba’ starts speaking in Hindi ….. 

Here in this mantra also the prayer is for, What? “O Lord, Guide my Mind, Guide my Thoughts towards Bliss.” This is the Main Idea, Central Idea of this prayer.

 Auḿ bhur bhuvah svah Aṷḿ

Tat Savitur vareńiyam

Bhargo Devasya dhiimahi

Dhiyo ya nah pracodayát Aṷḿ .

Now this mantra starts with “Aṷḿ”. 

What is “Aṷḿ ”?

Wherever there is an expression, whenever you do something, there is a Acoustic expression. 

You are walking, you are moving, the sound “khat-khat-khat” is created, so there is acoustic expression.

If you are laughing, the sound “ha-ha-ha” is created. So, wherever there is any action or any actional expression, there must be acoustic manifestation.

No action is complete without acoustic manifestation.

When the Supreme Entity creates. To create is also an action, it is also a Work.

During creation HE creates within HIS mind. HE creates nothing externally. HE creates everything internally, because nothing is external for HIM – everything is Internal. 

This quinquelemental world, which is something external for us, is purely an Internal Phenomenon for HIM. Not phenomena, not the plural, because for HIM it is a Singular Expression.

So when HE creates, a sound is created due to that actional Expression, and that sound is “a-a-a-a-a-a”.

Hence “a” is the first letter of Tantric alphabetical order.

First letter is “a”.

First letter is “Aliph”.

First letter is “Alpha”,

First letter is “A”. 

Then second.

Then after Creation, you’ll have to preserve it – nourish it. 

The actional expression to preserve something is “u-u-u-u-u”.

The sound is “u”.

u” is the acoustic expressions of preservation or nourishment. Hence “u” is the second sound.

And after creating anything within your mind, finally what you do?

You finally withdraw those mental expressions or mental panorama within yourself, you withdraw it. This process of Supreme withdrawal by the Parama Puruśa is represented by the consonant “ma” – “ma”. 

A-U-Ma represents Creation, Preservation and Destruction. 

Hence the, this mantra, the Incantation, starts with the sound “Aṷḿ”, A U M “Aṷḿ ”.

I told you that, HE as Creator or Generator creates the sound “a”. HE as Creator or HE as Operator creates the sound what? “u” and HE as Destructor creates the sound “ma”.

Generator, Operator, Destructor; G-O-D – “God”. 

Ba’ba’ starts speaks again in Hindi here…. 

These expressions are septilineal, arranged in Seven strata, seven layers.

Bhúr bhuvah svah maha janah tapah satya.

Broadly speaking they may be classified within the scope of three layers –

Bhúr means “Physical world”,

“Bhuvah” means “Psychic world”,

“Svah” means “Astral world”. 

Now the Cosmic Creator, the Cosmic Generator is the Creator of these three, that is – Physical, Psychic and Astral worlds.

HE is the Creator. 

Now Who is the Creator of Human body?

HE is the Creator. 

Who is the Creator of Human brain?

HE is the Creator.

So HE is Savitá.

“Savitá” means “Creator”; “Savitá” means “Father”. 

For this little Planet Earth, Sun is the “Savitá”. Hence, Sun is the Father. 

And for all those planetary systems, all those stars with their own Planetary systems, that – Who is the Creator?

The Cosmological Nucleus is the Father, the Supreme Father. 

So here, the prayer is: 

Tat Savitur vareńiyam” 

I, we meditate on the Divine effulgence of that Supreme Cosmological Father who did create these Physical, Psychic and Astral spheres.

And what for, do we meditate on HIS Divine effulgence?

So that HE may Guide our Intellect unto the Path of Bliss. 

So before one gets Initiation one may request like this, request the Cosmic Father like this, “O Lord, Guide my Intellect, goad my Intellect unto the path of Bliss, so that I may do something in this Universe.”

And when one gets the Iśt́a mantra, gets the Initiation, then he is to do as per rules. 

He need not pray for something else, because he has got the Initiation. 

Bhúr bhuvah svah maha janah tapah satya asya saptalokasya savitur devasya, pitur devasya, vareńyam bhargo, vareńyam pújaniiyam, bhargo jyoti, bhargo bheti bhásayate lokán reti Raiṋjayati.prajah…Gacchati yasmin ágacchati yasmád ga bharga ucyate. 

Ba’ba’ starts to explain in Saḿskrta and later in Hindi and asks devotees about how to spell Prthvi.. and gives a shloka of how many ways Prthvi word can be expressed…

Here also you see, what is the meaning for?

The request is for Guiding or Goading the Intellect towards the Path of Blessedness, towards the Path of Supreme Bliss. You should always remember this fact.

Ba’ba’ concludes saying few words in Hindi….. that has to be translated properly.